Ausgewählte Studien zur IPL/RF Haarentfernung


J Cosmet Laser Ther. 2004 May;6(1):21-6.


Hair removal using a combination of conducted radiofrequency and optical energies - an 18-month follow-up.

Sadick NS, Shaoul J.

Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY, USA.

Zusammenfassung: OBJECTIVE: Multiple lasers and intense pulsed light sources have been shown to provide long-term hair removal; however, the management of all dark skin phenotypes and light-colored hair remains problematic. The present study examined the long-term photoepilatory effect of a combined intense pulsed light (IPL) (680-980 nm)/radiofrequency (RF) (10-30 J/cm3) light source and its efficiency for the treatment of multiple skin phenotypes and varied hair colors. METHODS: Forty adult patients (skin phenotypes II-V) with varied facial and non-facial hair colors were treated with a combined IPL/RF technology. Four treatments were carried out over a period of 9-12 months at 8-12-week intervals. Light energy ranged from 15 to 26 J/cm2, while RF energy varied from 10 to 20 J/cm3. Hair counts and photographic evaluation of skin sites were obtained at baseline, and months 1, 3 and 5 after the final treatment session. H&E biopsies were examined at 1 week in five randomly selected study cohorts. RESULTS: Maximum hair reduction was observed at 6-8 weeks after each treatment. An average clearance of 75% was observed in all body locations at 18 months. No significant adverse sequelae were reported. Results showed no significant dependence on skin color: lighter and darker skin types responded similarly to treatment. Histologic evaluation revealed thermal damage to hair follicles with vacuolar degeneration. CONCLUSION: The combined IPL (680-980 nm)/RF light source with contact cooling is a safe and effective method of long-term hair reduction in patients of diversified skin types and varied hair colors and is associated with excellent patient safety.



J Cosmet Laser Ther. 2004 Dec;6(4):201-7.


Hair removal using a combination radio-frequency and intense pulsed light source.

Yaghmai D, Garden JM, Bakus AD, Spenceri EA, Hruza GJ, Kilmer SL.

Department of Dermatology, Northwestern University Chicago, IL, USA.

Zusammenfassung: Objective:  The long-term removal of unwanted hair is achieved by many laser and intense pulse light sources. One limitation is the treatment of individuals with dark skin. The light energy with the current systems has to penetrate through the epidermis before being absorbed by the hair follicle. In individuals with dark skin the high melanin concentration in the epidermis absorbs high energies that can lead to complications. The objective of our study was to study a new system that combines optical energy, intense pulsed light (IPL), with radio frequency (RF). This allows for the use of less optical energy due to the addition of RF energy. The lower optical fluence allows for safer treatment of darker skin types. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a multicenter study, in which 87 patients were enrolled. A single treatment was performed on a specified body site. Twenty-one of the 69 subjects that completed the study had skin types IV-VI. Each subject was evaluated at 1, 7, 30, and 90 days after the treatment session. RESULTS: Hair counts were significantly reduced from baseline after one treatment by an average of 46%. Individual patient data showed that the percentage in hair count reduction achieved ranged from 0 to 100%, with 43% of the patients having a 50% or greater decrease. COCLUSIONS: The combination of optical energy and RF when delivered simultaneously achieves effective hair reduction with the use of less optical energy, allowing for the safe treatment of all skin types.


J Cosmet Laser Ther. 2004 May;6(1):27-31.

Effective epilation of white and blond hair using combined radiofrequency and optical energy.

Sadick NS, Laughlin SA.

Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY, USA.

Zusammenfassung: OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the long-term photoepilatory effect on blond and white hair of a combined intense pulsed light (680-980 nm) device with a bipolar radiofrequency component producing electrical current at a depth of 4 mm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six adult women with white and blond hair (skin phenotypes I-V) were included in the study. The chin and upper lip were treated with four treatment sessions over 9-12 months with long-term follow-up performed at month 18 (6 months after the last treatment). The level of RF energy was 20 J/cm3, while optical fluences varied from 24 to 30 J/cm2. Hair counts and photographic evaluation of some sites were obtained at baseline, months 1, 3 and 5 and the final treatment session. RESULTS: An average hair removal of 48% was observed at month 18 (6 months following the final treatment session). A slightly higher photoepilatory efficiency was noted for blond hair (52%) versus white hair (44%) treatment sites. CONCLUSION: Combined radiofrequency and optical energy technology may produce effective photoepilation of blond and white hair phenotypes.






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